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A century of migrant labour in the gold mines of South Africa

A century of migrant labour in the gold mines of South Africa Article in Journal- South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy 104(2): 72 · March 2004 with 434 Reads How we measure 'reads'

Brief history of gold mining in South Africa - Mining for ...

Anglo-Boer/South African War, brought about to some extent by the struggle for control of the goldfields, caused extreme disruptions in the mining industry, and at some stage, mines were closed 1901 The Witwatersrand Native Labour Association (Wenela) set up by gold miners as a recruiting agent for migrant workers

of Migrants and Mobile Populations in Southern Africa ...

Migrants and Mobile Populations in Southern Africa, which examines the migration patterns and the HIV vulnerabilities faced by migrants and mobile workers in the southern African region. The assessment was conducted from August to September 2009 in the following fi ve countries: Lesotho, Namibia, South Africa, Swaziland, and Zambia.

Migrant Labour in South Africa

The life of living in a home so far away from home is the story of over a century of migrant, mostly black, labourers who the mines have been recruiting from across the region since the first big discoveries of gold in the former Transvaal in 1896.

Migrant Labour in South Africa

The life of living in a home so far away from home is the story of over a century of migrant, mostly black, labourers who the mines have been recruiting from across the region since the first big discoveries of gold in the former Transvaal in 1896.

Migrant Labour in South Africa

The meeting considered the histories and trends for migration for work within and into South Africa. It analysed how the crisis on South Africa’s platinum belt that led to the massacre of 36 miners at Marikana in 2012 has revealed the current material, social and political concerns of workers in the mining …

Migrant Mine Worker in South Africa: ‘We Have Nothing ...

Migrant Mine Worker in South Africa: ‘We Have Nothing’ ; Tula Connell; As a migrant mine worker from Swaziland, Mduduzi Thabethe says he has fewer workplace rights than his South African co-workers. Although all mine workers pay the same amount into the health fund, migrant workers get inferior care and pensions are rare.

Migrant labour

Migrant labour, casual and unskilled workers who move about systematically from one region to another offering their services on a temporary, usually seasonal, basis. Migrant labour in various forms is found in South Africa, the Middle East, western Europe, North America, and India. In Europe and

5. The mining industry, migrant labour and hostels - The O ...

The Commission further recognizes that, from the point of view of the migrant worker, he is divided in half as a human being. That is: a labour unit working at a mine and a family man with his family in the rural areas. ... Its holding company is Johannesburg Consolidated Investments, another of South Africa's six mining houses.

A century of migrant labour in the gold mines of South Africa

southern Africa3. Recruitment for gold mining A century of migrant labour in the gold mines of South Africa by J.S. Harington*, N.D. McGlashan†, and E.Z. Chelkowska‡ Synopsis Our purpose is to record and to explain the widely changing numbers of the huge total of black workers on the gold mines of South Africa over the century from 1896 to ...

A century of migrant labour in the gold mines of South Africa

A century of migrant labour in the gold mines of South Africa Article in Journal- South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy 104(2): 72 · March 2004 with 434 Reads How we measure 'reads'

HIV danger to migrant workers | Health24

The lives of migrant labourers in South Africa with regards to HIV/Aids has become a major issue of concern, according to recent studies conducted by Professor Mark Lurie, a supported researcher ...

Migrant Marikana: the shifts in the migrant labour system ...

 · We have heard remarkably little about developments on the rural side of migrant labour. It is to that part of the equation that we now turn. All of the workers killed on 16 August 2012 were migrants, mostly from the impoverished hinterlands of Pondoland in the former Transkei, a historical labour reservoir for the mines.

Black workers in South African mines | Wise International

Because of the close connection of mining operations with the system of migrant workers and "homeland" policy, creating the so-called "Bantustans", all Bantu-speaking peoples of South Africa are affected by the hazards of mining and radioactive emissions from the tailings. Sources: Conversation in Amsterdam, 27 Sept. 1992

Migrant Marikana: the shifts in the migrant labour system ...

 · We have heard remarkably little about developments on the rural side of migrant labour. It is to that part of the equation that we now turn. All of the workers killed on 16 August 2012 were migrants, mostly from the impoverished hinterlands of Pondoland in the former Transkei, a historical labour reservoir for the mines.

Diamonds and Migrant Labour in South Africa, 1910 ...

Migrant labour has ensured a supply of cheap wage labour to the mining sector and secondary industry, and is a system which has been condemned throughout the world. Migrant labour is not a system unique to South Africa. Migrant labourers from countries in southern Europe contract to work in France, Germany, Sweden and Britain on a large scale.

Digging into the lives of migrant workers

 · The migrant labour system set the pattern for economic and political development in South Africa. From the time of the discovery of coal in the 1850s, and later gold and diamonds, men have been recruited from the rural areas to work in the harsh underground conditions of the mines.

Land, Labour and Apartheid | South African History Online

At the start of the twentieth century, in 1910, the whole of South Africa was united under one government. ... strengthened by the Bantu Education Policy. The system of migrant labour continued, although more black people started settling in white areas, leading to the establishment of townships. ... Workers in the mines had to stay on the mine ...

Migrant Labour in South Africa's Mining Economy: The ...

Migrant Labour in South Africa's Mining Economy Book Description: In tracing the development of the recruiting system, Alan Jeeves shows how a large proportion of the labour supply came to be controlled by private labour companies and recruiting agents, who aimed both to exploit the workers and to extract heavy fees from the employing companies.

5. The mining industry, migrant labour and hostels - The O ...

The Commission further recognizes that, from the point of view of the migrant worker, he is divided in half as a human being. That is: a labour unit working at a mine and a family man with his family in the rural areas. ... Its holding company is Johannesburg Consolidated Investments, another of South Africa's six mining houses.

Briefing Note on HIV and Labour Migration in Swaziland

Several of the relevant sectors employing migrant workers from and in Swaziland, as well as the particular HIV vulnerabilities faced by these workers are presented below. Mining As mentioned, Swaziland provides labour to mines in South Africa. It is estimated that about 60% of workers in the

1946 African Mine Workers' Union strike - Wikipedia

The African Mine Workers' Strike was a labour dispute involving mine workers of Witwatersrand in South Africa.It started on 12 August, 1946 and lasted approximately a week. The strike was attacked by police and over the week, at least 1,248 workers were wounded and at least 9 killed.

A story of South Africa: Mining, Migration, Misery

 · A story of South Africa: Mining, Migration, Misery ... the tour also included time to see the hostels for the migrant workers – as well as a stop at the mine store and even the traditional beer ...

Roots of Apartheid: South Africa’s Mining Industry

The development of South Africa’s mining industry, and how it laid the foundations for Apartheid Although some mining had taken place in what is now South Africa centuries before Europeans arrived, 1 the modern mining industry emerged as the major shaper of South Africa’s economy and race relations in the latter half of the 19 th century ...

‘AFRICAN MIGRANT LABOUR SITUATION IN SOUTHERN …

The flow of migrant labour was not confined to South Africa alone. The mines and plantations in Mauritius, Namibia, Swaziland, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe also attracted migrant labour, but not at the scale of the migration to South Africa. Because of its highly regulated nature, based as it was on short-term contracts, migration

Joburg: A city with migrant heritage and culture : New Frame

Regimented by the state and the mine bosses, migrant workers were easy to discipline, punish – and discard when they got too sick to work. The 1913 Land Act made African South Africans foreigners in most of their own country. More borders were drawn under apartheid, none of them by or for the people.

South Africa: Policy in the Face of Xenophobia ...

South Africa is struggling to define a post-apartheid migration policy that is responsive to its changing role in Africa, the relationship between migration and development, and the country's rampant xenophobia, seen most graphically in May 2008. Jonathan Crush of the Southern African Migration Project reports on the latest developments.

Mines, Migration and HIV/AIDS in Southern Africa

work in South African mines. For more than a century, 90 percent of those employed in the mining sector in the Republic of South Africa were black and about 60 percent were migrant workers from Lesotho and Swaziland (Lucas, 1985; Harington, McGlashan and Chelkowska, 2004). This

Compound (migrant labour) - Wikipedia

A migrant worker compound is a key institution in a system such as that which regulated labour on mines in South Africa from the later nineteenth century. The tightly controlled closed compound which came to typify the phenomenon in that country originated on the diamond mines of Kimberley from

(PDF) Depopulating the compounds: Migrant labor and mine ...

World Development, Vol. 19, No. 4, pp. 316, 1991 750X/91 $3.00 + 0.00 Printed in Great Britain Pergamon Press plc Depopulating the Compounds: Migrant Labor and Mine Housing in South Africa J O N A T H A N CRUSH Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario and WILMOT JAMES* University of Cape Town Summary.

Migrant Mine Worker in South Africa: 'We Have Nothing ...

 · As a migrant mine worker from Swaziland, Mduduzi Thabethe says he has fewer workplace rights than his South African co-workers. Although all mine workers pay the same amount into the health fund, migrant workers get inferior care and pensions are rare. “If you are a citizen of South Africa, you see you are building your […]

Organising migrant workers: Proposes toolkit for unions in ...

Organising migrant workers: Proposes toolkit for unions in South Africa. Introduction Migration has been in existence for as long as mankind has existed. People move for various reasons which include political, economic (in search of greener pastures), education, social, religious, natural wars and persecution because of one’s sexual orientation.